No Republican has ever won the presidency without winning Ohio. [54] The Hopewell disappeared from the Ohio Valley about 600 AD. Map of Northern Ohio. For many years this body of water, over 20 square miles (52 km2), was the largest artificial lake in the world. supplemented by seasonal hunts. Putnam had been one of the primary benefactors in the founding of Leicester Academy in Massachusetts, and similarly, in 1798, he created the plan for the construction of the Muskingum Academy (now Marietta College) in Ohio. .PDF file Ohio highway map. Ohio has brought home seven World Series titles (Reds 1919, 1940, 1975, 1976, 1990; Indians 1920, 1948), two MLS Cups (Crew 2008, 2020), one NBA Championship (Cavaliers 2016), and nine NFL Championships (Pros 1920; Bulldogs 1922, 1923, 1924; Rams 1945; Browns 1950, 1954, 1955, 1964). The state's capital and largest city is Columbus, with the Columbus metro area, Greater Cincinnati, and Greater Cleveland being the largest metropolitan areas. 274–277. The Cincinnati metropolitan area extends into Kentucky and Indiana, the Steubenville metropolitan area extends into West Virginia, the Toledo metropolitan area extends into Michigan, and the Youngstown metropolitan area extends into Pennsylvania. Major cities in the north and south of Ohio lie on Amtrak intercity rail lines. Much of Ohio features glaciated till plains, with an exceptionally flat area in the northwest being known as the Great Black Swamp. [85] Almost 35,000 Ohioans died in the conflict, and 30,000 were physically wounded. At the State level, the Ohio Department of Education, which is overseen by the Ohio State Board of Education, governs primary and secondary educational institutions. Seven presidents were born in Ohio, making it second to Virginia's eight. The Dayton Metropolitan Statistical Area had a population of 841,502 in the 2010 census. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Ohio. There were three other cultures contemporaneous with the Mississippians: the Fort Ancient people, the Whittlesey Focus people[55] and the Monongahela Culture. [51] These early nomads disappeared from Ohio by 1,000 BC. House District Map. Visit their site for more information on the office and their services, including aerial photography. State Routes in Ohio are owned by the state, and maintained by the state except in cities. The Ohio Public Library Information Network (OPLIN) is an organization that provides Ohio residents with internet access to their 251 public libraries. For more information about an independent Ohio college or university, see the collection of individual institution fact sheets at the AICUO website.. Public Universities [121] The Directorship's Boardroom Guide ranked the state No. Office of Computer-Aided Design and Drafting (CADD) and Mapping provides mapping data and support. Traffic Information Mapping System (TIMS) For up-to-date county district information, contact your county Board of Elections. The other elected constitutional offices in the executive branch are the secretary of state (Frank LaRose), auditor (Keith Faber), treasurer (Robert Sprague), and attorney general (Dave Yost). The Eldora Speedway is a major dirt oval that hosts NASCAR Camping World Truck Series, World of Outlaws Sprint Cars and USAC Silver Crown Series races. [27] This act defines 29 Ohio counties as part of Appalachia. From just over 45,000 residents in 1800, Ohio's population grew faster than 10% per decade (except for the 1940 census) until the 1970 census, which recorded just over 10.65 million Ohioans. Cleveland disc jockey Alan Freed is credited with coining the term and promoting rock and roll in the early 1950s. [51] Between 1,000 and 800 BC, the sedentary Adena culture emerged. One of those pioneer routes, known in the early 20th century as "Main Market Route 3", was chosen in 1913 to become part of the historic Lincoln Highway which was the first road across America, connecting New York City to San Francisco. Columbus is the largest city in the United States without any form of passenger rail. The United States created the Northwest Territory under the Northwest Ordinance of 1787. Although no formal resolution of admission was required, when the oversight was discovered in 1953, as Ohio began preparations for celebrating its sesquicentennial, Ohio congressman George H. Bender introduced a bill in Congress to admit Ohio to the Union retroactive to March 1, 1803, the date on which the Ohio General Assembly first convened. pp. [110], According to a Pew Forum poll, as of 2008, 76% of Ohioans identified as Christian. Congress intervened, making Michigan's admittance as a state conditional on ending the conflict. Search By Address. 10 for best business-friendly tax systems in their Business Tax Index 2009, including a top corporate tax and capital gains rate that were both ranked No. The Ohio Department of Transportation produces an updated version of the statewide transportation map every four years. [119][130] As of 2016[update], Ohio's median household income is $52,334,[131] and 14.6% of the population is below the poverty line[132], The manufacturing and financial activities sectors each compose 18.3% of Ohio's GDP, making them Ohio's largest industries by percentage of GDP. [167], Still, it has been estimated that the state has removed up to two million voters since 2011.[169]. The full list includes: The Cincinnati Art Museum holds over 100,000 works spanning 6,000 years of human history, being among the most comprehensive collections in the Midwest. Although many Native Americans had migrated west to evade American encroachment, others remained settled in the state, sometimes assimilating in part. Notable Ohio earthquakes in the 21st century include one occurring on December 31, 2011, approximately 4 kilometers (2.5 mi) northwest of Youngstown,[45] and one occurring on June 10, 2019, approximately 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) north-northwest of Eastlake under Lake Erie;[46] both registered a 4.0 magnitude. Northwest Ohio is known for its glass making industry, and is home to Owens Corning and Owens-Illinois, two Fortune 500 corporations. [57] After the Beaver Wars in the mid-17th century, the Iroquois claimed much of the Ohio country as hunting and, more importantly, beaver-trapping ground. Images of the Past, 5th edition. In 2010, there were 469,700 foreign-born residents in Ohio, corresponding to 4.1% of the total population. Locations of 4-year public and private colleges and universities in Ohio, OH. Ohio has a highly developed network of roads and interstate highways. Cincinnati is home to the American Classical Music Hall of Fame and Museum. The men's basketball program has appeared in the NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament 27 times. In the Ohio State Senate the Republicans are the majority, 24–9, and in the Ohio House of Representatives the Republicans control the delegation 61–38. Ohio is bordered by Lake Erie to the north, Pennsylvania to the east, West Virginia to the southeast, Kentucky to the southwest, Indiana to the west, and Michigan to the northwest. 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