La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 5 janvier 2021 à 22:17. He later claimed, "I knew she was the girl I was going to marry. Biographie. Ernest Hemingway was known to use a machine gun on sharks to stop them eating his catch, and in 1938 he established a world record by catching seven marlin in one day. [228] Hemingway's childhood home in Oak Park and his Havana residence were also converted into museums. He left Austria for a quick trip to New York to meet with the publishers, and on his return, during a stop in Paris, began an affair with Pfeiffer, before returning to Schruns to finish the revisions in March. [82] In 1935 he first arrived at Bimini, where he spent a considerable amount of time. Each summer the family traveled to Windemere on Walloon Lake, near Petoskey, Michigan. Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American novelist, short-story writer, journalist, and sportsman. (1975). Il écrit Pour qui sonne le glas, roman qui le rendra d'autant plus célèbre, publié en 1940 après la victoire des Franquistes en Espagne. Si vous disposez d'ouvrages ou d'articles de référence ou si vous connaissez des sites web de qualité traitant du thème abordé ici, merci de compléter l'article en donnant les références utiles à sa vérifiabilité et en les liant à la section « Notes et références ». (2010). His boyhood home, in Oak Park, Illinois, is a museum and archive dedicated to Hemingway. The theme of death permeates Hemingway's work. Il est né le 21 juillet 1899 à Oak Park dans l'Illinois aux États-Unis et mort le 2 juillet 1961 à Ketchum (Idaho) Fils d'un médecin, gynécologue obstétricien, et d'une fille de commerçant, chanteuse d'opéra, avec qui il fut toute sa vie en conflit, il est le 2ème de six enfants. Hemingway was raised in Oak Park, Illinois. (1996). [77] He invited friends—including Waldo Peirce, Dos Passos, and Max Perkins[78]—to join him on fishing trips and on an all-male expedition to the Dry Tortugas. Au contraire, il met en avant l'absence de sens de cette guerre. [40][41] "Indian Camp" received considerable praise; Ford saw it as an important early story by a young writer,[42] and critics in the United States praised Hemingway for reinvigorating the short story genre with his crisp style and use of declarative sentences. [106] Paul Fussell remarks: "Hemingway got into considerable trouble playing infantry captain to a group of Resistance people that he gathered because a correspondent is not supposed to lead troops, even if he does it well. Abouddahab, Redouane, ed., Hemingway special issue. [note 2][68] Hemingway was devastated, having earlier written to his father telling him not to worry about financial difficulties; the letter arrived minutes after the suicide. [138], Hemingway continued to rework the material that was published as A Moveable Feast through the 1950s. Il épouse Hadley Richardson et s'installe avec elle à Paris dès 1921. He briefed the reporters and spent the next few weeks recuperating and reading his erroneous obituaries. "Hemingway and Gender History". Emasculation, according to Fiedler, is a result of a generation of wounded soldiers; and of a generation in which women such as Brett gained emancipation. The dignity of movement of an ice-berg is due to only one-eighth of it being above water. She was unsympathetic to his plight; she accused him of being a bully and told him that she was "through, absolutely finished". Scholes, Robert. Many of his works are considered classics of American literature. He kept saying to me: “If you want to hear my story, just call me…” He told me a strange phone number, and as soon as I woke up, I dialled the unusual collection of digits. His succinct and lucid prose style exerted a powerful influence on American and British fiction. Troops went by the house and down the road and the dust they raised powdered the trees. [50] A few months later, in December 1925, the Hemingways left to spend the winter in Schruns, Austria, where Hemingway began revising the manuscript extensively. BuzzFeed. "[209], Benson believes the details of Hemingway's life have become a "prime vehicle for exploitation", resulting in a Hemingway industry. [177] The concept of the iceberg theory is sometimes referred to as the "theory of omission". ». "[187] However, Hemingway's intent was not to eliminate emotion, but to portray it more scientifically. in Donaldson, Scott (ed). They divorced after he returned from the Spanish Civil War (1936—1939), which he covered as a journalist and which was the basis for his novel For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940). After the plane crashes, Hemingway, who had been "a thinly controlled alcoholic throughout much of his life, drank more heavily than usual to combat the pain of his injuries. [143], Hemingway and Mary left Cuba for the last time on July 25, 1960. Il en ressort en janvier 1961, mais trois mois plus tard, il doit retourner se faire hospitaliser, d'abord au Sun Valley Hospital, puis de nouveau à la clinique Mayo, où il reçoit de nouveaux électrochocs. Cependant, dès son arrivée, Lanaham le conduisit voir les médecins, qui l'hospitalisèrent pour une pneumonie, et à sa sortie de l'hôpital, une semaine plus tard, les combats principaux étaient terminés. After leaving high school he went to work for The Kansas City Star as a cub reporter. Ernest Hemingway was born in 1899. Au cours de cette période, il rencontra des écrivains et des artistes modernistes des années 1920 de la communauté expatriée connus sous le nom de Génération perdue, dont certains exercèrent sur lui une influence significative. [73] He was joined there by Dos Passos and in November 1930, after bringing Dos Passos to the train station in Billings, Montana, Hemingway broke his arm in a car accident. Hadley would much later recall that Hemingway had his own nicknames for everyone, and that he often did things for his friends; she suggested that he liked to be looked up to. [157], Family and friends flew to Ketchum for the funeral, officiated by the local Catholic priest, who believed that the death had been accidental. The platonic love affair inspired the novel Across the River and into the Trees, written in Cuba during a time of strife with Mary, and published in 1950 to negative reviews. Hemingway moved his primary summer residence to Ketchum, Idaho, just outside the newly built resort of Sun Valley, and moved his winter residence to Cuba. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Ses romans ont rencontré un grand succès auprès du public du fait de la véracité avec laque… Hemingway adulte affirmait haïr sa mère, bien que le biographe Michael Reynolds souligne qu'Hemingway reflétait son énergie et son enthousiasme. [163] Other theories have arisen to explain Hemingway's decline in mental health, including that multiple concussions during his life may have caused him to develop chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), leading to his eventual suicide. "A Statistical Analysis of the Prose Style of Ernest Hemingway: Audre Hanneman was a biographer of Ernest Hemingway. [85] Dos Passos left the project after the execution of José Robles, his friend and Spanish translator,[86] which caused a rift between the two writers. [216] Hemingway's son Jack (Bumby) promoted a line of furniture honoring his father,[217] Montblanc created a Hemingway fountain pen,[218] and multiple lines of clothing inspired by Hemingway have been produced. [55] Hemingway himself later wrote to his editor Max Perkins that the "point of the book" was not so much about a generation being lost, but that "the earth abideth forever"; he believed the characters in The Sun Also Rises may have been "battered" but were not lost. In the late summer that year we lived in a house in a village that looked across the river and the plain to the mountains. C'est là qu'Hemingway apprit avec son père à chasser, à pêcher et à camper dans les bois. Its entirely feasible that todays literary elite will still be well-regarded for generations to come, whereas 50 Shades will hopefully be recycled into toilet paper. En avril 1918, il parvient cependant à incorporer la Croix-Rouge italienne et, après avoir traversé l’Atlantique sur le Chicago, il débarque à Bordeaux, gagne Paris, puis Milan, où il arrive le 6 juin. Ce best-seller lui permet de s'imposer rapidement sur la scène littéraire. (1932). [136] On July 25, 1960, the Hemingways left Cuba for the last time, leaving art and manuscripts in a bank vault in Havana. in Donaldson, Scott (ed). [57][58] On their return to Paris, Hadley asked for a separation; in November she formally requested a divorce. Les romans et nouvelles d'Ernest Hemingway ont été de nombreuses fois portés à l'écran. Harry Morgan, faute d'argent pour nourrir les siens, se lance dans toutes sortes d'aventures auxquelles il finit par succomber. Of Martha, Kert explains, "she never catered to him the way other women did". "Ernest Hemingway: The Life as Fiction and the Fiction as Life". Hemingway, Ernest (1899-1961), écrivain américain. [6] As an adult Hemingway professed to hate his mother, although biographer Michael S. Reynolds points out that he shared similar energies and enthusiasms. He had finished it in August but delayed the revision. On awarding the medal, the Italians wrote of Hemingway: "Gravely wounded by numerous pieces of shrapnel from an enemy shell, with an admirable spirit of brotherhood, before taking care of himself, he rendered generous assistance to the Italian soldiers more seriously wounded by the same explosion and did not allow himself to be carried elsewhere until after they had been evacuated." In Cuba, the famous american writer Ernest Hemingway had fifty-seven cats and five dogs roaming the grounds of his hilltop home “La Vigia” (Lookout Farm). [95] He had been disgusted when a Parisian friend allowed his cats to eat from the table, but he became enamored of cats in Cuba and kept dozens of them on the property. Dans son deuxième roman, L'Adieu aux armes, Hemingway écrit sur la Première Guerre mondiale. Kundera, Milan, « À la recherche du présent perdu ». [25] They were married on September 3, 1921; two months later, Hemingway was hired as foreign correspondent for the Toronto Star, and the couple left for Paris. [18], Hemingway returned home early in 1919 to a time of readjustment. It was published in October 1940. The True Bob Files . Biographer Jeffrey Meyers writes Agnes's rejection devastated and scarred the young man; in future relationships Hemingway followed a pattern of abandoning a wife before she abandoned him. Le 17 décembre, malade et fébrile, Hemingway se fit conduire au Luxembourg pour couvrir ce qu'on appellera plus tard la bataille des Ardennes. Écris la phrase la plus vraie que tu connaisses. Son style d'écriture, caractérisé par l'économie et la litote, a influencé le roman du XXe siècle, comme l'ont fait sa vie d'aventurier et l'image publique qu'il entretenait. International Imitation Hemingway Competition, Family tree showing Ernest Hemingway's parents, siblings, wives, children and grandchildren, "Ernest Hemingway The Nobel Prize in Literature 1954 Banquet Speech", "How Mary Hemingway and JFK Got Ernest Hemingway's Legacy Out of Cuba", "Widow Believes Hemingway Committed Suicide; She Tells of His Depression and His 'Breakdown' Assails Hotchner Book", "The same brain disease battering the NFL may have killed Ernest Hemingway", "Multiple Concussions May Have Sped Hemingway's Demise, a Psychiatrist Argues", "Idaho Remembers the Times of Papa Hemingway : Idaho: Hemingway Is Well Remembered",,,,, "Susan Beegel: What I like about Hemingway", "Planetary Names: Crater, craters: Hemingway on Mercury", "A Line of Hemingway Furniture, With a Veneer of Taste", "Wanted: One Really Good Page of Really Bad Hemingway", "2012 Hemingway Foundation PEN Award Winner Announced | JFK Library", "Premio Hemingway | 36^ Edizione del Premio Hemingway 19 / 23 GIUGNO 2019 - LIGNANO", "Margaux Hemingway's Death Ruled a Suicide", "Margaux Hemingway Is Dead; Model and Actress Was 41", "Coroner Says Death of Actress Was Suicide", "The Ernest Hemingway Foundation of Oak Park", "Finca Vigía Foundation | Preserving Ernest Hemingway's Legacy in Cuba", "Ernest Hemingway: A Storyteller's Legacy", John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, Ernest Hemingway A to Z: The Essential Reference to the Life and Work, Hemingway Archives: John F. Kennedy Library, Maurice J. Speiser papers at the University of South Carolina Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Ernest Hemingway's journalism at The Archive of American Journalism, FBI Records: The Vault, Subject: Ernest Hemingway, Hemingway legal files collection, 1899–1971. 1 review. Pauline Pfeiffer joined them in January and against Hadley's advice, urged Hemingway to sign a contract with Scribner's. Of Hemingway's marriage to Hadley, Meyers claims: "With Hadley, Hemingway achieved everything he had hoped for with Agnes: the love of a beautiful woman, a comfortable income, a life in Europe."[26]. Two of the stories it contained were all that remained after the loss of the suitcase, and the third had been written early the previous year in Italy. "Sartre, "Nada," and Hemingway's African Stories". More info. “ Ernest Hemingway writes in the bedroom of his house in the Havana suburb of San Francisco de Paula. Son analyse de la guerre d'Espagne, sa compromission locale avec la propagande stalinienne et l'absence d'aide d'Hemingway face à la disparition de son ami, insupportent Dos Passos. [76] While in Key West, Hemingway frequented the local bar Sloppy Joe's. « Hemingway » redirige ici. Also during the 1980s, according to Beegel, criticism was published that focused on investigating the "horror of homosexuality" and the "racism" typical of the social era portrayed in Hemingway's fiction. Cette œuvre marque une rupture dans l'existence solitaire d'Hemingway. Kritisches Lexikon zur fremdsprachigen Gegenwartsliteratur, Notices dans des dictionnaires ou encyclopédies généralistes, Paradis perdu, suivi de La Cinquième Colonne, Site de l'Express, article "Hemingway, portrait d'un homme tragique", Google Books, Hemingway's Brain par Andrew Farah,,,, Site web de la maison-musée d'Ernest Hemingway à Key West (Floride), Réseau des bibliothèques de Suisse occidentale, Répertoire international des sources musicales,, Militaire américain de la Première Guerre mondiale, Ambulancier de la Première Guerre mondiale, Personnalité américaine de la guerre d'Espagne, Personnalité ayant souffert de troubles bipolaires, Article manquant de références depuis août 2020, Article manquant de références/Liste complète, Article contenant un appel à traduction en anglais, Catégorie Commons avec lien local différent sur Wikidata, Article de Wikipédia avec notice d'autorité, Page pointant vers des bases relatives à la littérature, Page pointant vers des bases relatives à la musique, Page pointant vers des bases relatives aux beaux-arts, Page pointant vers des bases relatives à l'audiovisuel, Page pointant vers des bases relatives au spectacle, Page pointant vers des bases relatives à la recherche, Page pointant vers des bases relatives à la bande dessinée, Page pointant vers des dictionnaires ou encyclopédies généralistes, Portail:Littérature américaine/Articles liés, Portail:Biographie/Articles liés/Culture et arts, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. For other uses, see, Ernest Hemingway with Lady Duff Twysden, Hadley, and friends, during the July 1925 trip to Spain that inspired, Hemingway and Mary in Africa before the two plane accidents, Hemingway showing crash and brushfire injuries to hand and head. This left him with a prominent forehead scar, which he carried for the rest of his life. [79], In 1933, Hemingway and Pauline went on safari to East Africa. [222][223], In 2012, he was inducted into the Chicago Literary Hall of Fame. Choisissez parmi des contenus premium Hemingway House de la plus haute qualité. Ernest Hemingway lived and wrote here for more than ten years. Ernest Hemingway lived in Paris from 1921 to 1928 and returned several times thereafter. He married Pauline Pfeiffer. [101] Meanwhile, he had asked Mary Welsh to marry him on their third meeting. Ernest Hemingway, American novelist and short-story writer, awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Ernest Hemingway Hemingway Quotes Hemingway Cuba Rare Historical Photos Rare Photos Old Photos Antique Pictures Epic Photos Charles Bukowski. The last three were stored in a safe deposit box in Havana, as he focused on the finishing touches for A Moveable Feast. Cette passion pour ces chats particuliers lui est venue après avoir reçu un chat à six doigts de la part du capitaine d'un bateau. ». The test of any story is how very good the stuff that you, not your editors, omit. (2006). Reynolds, Michael (2000). "1924: Hemingway's Luggage and the Miraculous Year". A few days later, the news reported that he was seriously ill and on the verge of dying, which panicked Mary until she received a cable from him telling her, "Reports false. [15], Hemingway said he "was out of business as a writer" from 1942 to 1945 during his residence in Cuba. [214] The Kilimanjaro Device by Ray Bradbury featured Hemingway being transported to the top of Mount Kilimanjaro,[75] while the 1993 motion picture Wrestling Ernest Hemingway explored the friendship of two retired men, played by Robert Duvall and Richard Harris, in a seaside Florida town. abaesel has uploaded 40485 photos to Flickr. [38] Hemingway helped Ford Madox Ford edit The Transatlantic Review, which published works by Pound, John Dos Passos, Baroness Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven, and Stein, as well as some of Hemingway's own early stories such as "Indian Camp". Hemingway believed the writer could describe one thing (such as Nick Adams fishing in "The Big Two-Hearted River") though an entirely different thing occurs below the surface (Nick Adams concentrating on fishing to the extent that he does not have to think about anything else). Hemingway revint en Europe à la fin de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, de juin à décembre 1944. [207] After his reputation was established with the publication of The Sun Also Rises, he became the spokesperson for the post-World War I generation, having established a style to follow. During the trip, Hemingway became sick again and was treated for "high blood pressure, liver disease, and arteriosclerosis". "Hemingway’s Spanish Sensibility". Two days later he "quite deliberately" shot himself with his favorite shotgun in the early morning hours of July 2, 1961. His iceberg theory of omission is the foundation on which he builds. [178] Paul Smith writes that Hemingway's first stories, collected as In Our Time, showed he was still experimenting with his writing style. Ernest's Tower Study Retreat at Hemingway's Finca La Vigia in San Francisco de Paula, Cuba. Ses deux parents avaient reçu une bonne éducation et étaient appréciés et respectés dans la communauté conservatrice de Oak Park. [141] Feeling lonely, he took to his bed for days, retreating into silence, despite having the first installments of The Dangerous Summer published in Life in September 1960 to good reviews. Ernest Hemingway a beaucoup de mal à se réadapter à la vie civile après cette longue période de guerre. in Wagner-Martin, Linda (ed). Hemingway later wrote in Collier's that he could see "the first, second, third, fourth and fifth waves of [landing troops] lay where they had fallen, looking like so many heavily laden bundles on the flat pebbly stretch between the sea and first cover". I'm Bob and I live in Little Rock. Le 8 juillet 1918, de nuit, près de Fossalta di Piave, alors qu'il apporte du chocolat et des cigarettes aux soldats, un tir de mortier blesse Hemingway aux jambes, tue un de ses camarades et en blesse grièvement deux autres. Des jeunes désaxés évoluent dans un monde perdu et absurde, incapables de meubler le vide de leur vie. [117][118], In 1954, while in Africa, Hemingway was almost fatally injured in two successive plane crashes. Son œuvre est couronnée par le prix Nobel de littérature le 28 octobre[4] 1954 « pour le style puissant et nouveau par lequel il maîtrise l'art de la narration moderne, comme vient de le prouver Le Vieil Homme et la Mer ». Délaissant les études universitaires, il devint reporter au Kansas City Star puis ambulancier en Italie pendant la Première Guerre mondiale, avant de s'enrôler dans l'infanterie italienne, où il fut grièvement blessé. "[168] The Sun Also Rises is written in the spare, tight prose that made Hemingway famous, and, according to James Nagel, "changed the nature of American writing. En 1922, Hemingway épousa Hadley Richardson, la première de ses quatre épouses, et le couple s'installa à Paris où il travailla comme correspondant étranger. Hemingway's polysyndetonic sentence—or in later works his use of subordinate clauses—uses conjunctions to juxtapose startling visions and images. [50][52][53], The Sun Also Rises epitomized the post-war expatriate generation,[54] received good reviews, and is "recognized as Hemingway's greatest work". Opening statement of Nobel Prize acceptance speech, 1954 [recorded privately by Hemingway after the fact]. Instead he received a letter in March with her announcement that she was engaged to an Italian officer. [189] Hemingway's letters refer to Proust's Remembrance of Things Past several times over the years, and indicate he read the book at least twice. [31] Pound introduced Hemingway to James Joyce, with whom Hemingway frequently embarked on "alcoholic sprees". [51] The manuscript arrived in New York in April; he corrected the final proof in Paris in August 1926, and Scribner's published the novel in October. [53] In early 1926, Hadley became aware of his affair with Pfeiffer, who came to Pamplona with them that July. [75][note 3] Pauline's uncle bought the couple a house in Key West with a carriage house, the second floor of which was converted into a writing studio. Pound met Hemingway by chance at Sylvia Beach 's bookshop Shakespeare and Company in 1922 writer ernest.! Belgian Congo as a freelancer and staff writer for the front 107 ], Hemingway continued rework! The Kansas city, … ernest Hemingway writes in the turquoise waters that surround this island. And for his Bravery during World War II, Salinger met and corresponded with Hemingway, Pound recognized fostered. Se réadapter à la Havane pendant les années 1930 et 1940 to convey immediacy dispatches for the time... Important things or events that you, not your editors, omit sentence—or in later works use. 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